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Legal english 1 - Introduction to the law

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Přípona
.pdf
Typ
studijní materiál
Stažené
0 x
Velikost
1,4 MB
Jazyk
český
ID projektu
10303
Poslední úprava
15.05.2017
Zobrazeno
503 x
Autor:
quadra
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THE LEGAL SYSTEM

The Structure of the Law

The legal system in the United Kingdom.

The study of law distinguishes between public law and private law, but in legal practice
in the UK the distinction between civil law and criminal law is more important to
practising lawyers. Public law relates to the state. It is concerned with the laws which govern processes in local and national governments and conflicts between the individual and the state in areas such as immigration and social security.
Private law is concerned with the relationships between legal persons, that is, individuals and corporations, and includes family law, contract law and property law.

Criminal law deals with certain forms of conduct for which the state reserves punishment, for example murder and theft. The state prosecutes the offender.

Civil law concerns relationships between private persons, their rights, and their duties. It is also concerned with conduct which may give rise to a claim by a legal person for compensation or an injunction (an order made by the court). However, each field of law tends to overlap with others. For example, a road accident case may lead to a criminal prosecution as well as a civil action for compensation.

Substantive law creates, defines or regulates rights, liabilities, and duties in all areas of law and is contrasted with procedural law, which defines the procedure by which a law is to be enforced.

Klíčová slova:

legal system

legislation

committee

court system

european union

supreme court



Obsah:
  • THE LEGAL SYSTEM -3-
    The Structure of the Law -3-
    Constitution of the United Kingdom -5-
    Jurisdiction -7-
    SOURCES OF LAW: LEGISLATION -11-
    Background to making new law -11-
    Early development of a Bill -13-
    Passing an Act -16-
    First Reading -20-
    Second Reading -20-
    Committee Stage -21-
    Report Stage -22-
    Chance for the whole House to discuss and amend the Bill -22-
    Third Reading -22-
    THE COURT SYSTEM -24-
    The Criminal Court -24-
    The Civil Court -25-
    The County Court -26-
    The High Court -26-
    The Court of Appeal -27-
    The UK Supreme Court -27-
    The European Court of Justice -27-
    The European Court of Human Rights -28-
    EUROPEAN UNION LAW -29-
    What is the EU -29-
    How does the EU impact on Member States ? -30-